When it comes to your building project, having the right amount of knowledge about various aspects of what you’re doing can determine whether it will be successful or not. So if your project involves timber, then you need to know about the popular timber species for you to be able to pick the right one that best suits your needs and desires.
Here’s a list of a few popular timber species in Australia and their most common applications:
1. Douglas fir
I wouldn’t be surprised if you’ve seen the name Douglas fir at some point in the past, because it is one of the most well-known timber species in the world.
The timber species has a heartwood colour that ranges from a deep reddish brown to a yellowish and orangey one, and a sapwood that is usually paler in appearance. And although Douglas fir is only graded medium in terms of durability and is weak against termites, the timber species makes up for what it lacks through its extraordinary beauty and versatility as a sawn timber product.
2. White Cypress
White Cypress is a softwood timber species that is fairly common in the forests of three Australian regions: central western Queensland, western New South Wales, and Victoria. Its heartwood’s colour ranges from light brown to light yellow through orange, with a few dark brown streaks from time to time, and its sapwood is that of a creamy-white band.
The softwood timber species boasts an outstanding natural durability that can be credited to the natural resins found in the wood. Plus, it is resistant to termites and has a life expectancy that shoots for more than 40 years.
White Cypress has a wide range of applications that range from general building construction to interior and exterior decorations. Examples of the timber species most common applications are indoor furniture, jetty piles, flooring, framework, and so much more.
3. Western Red Cedar
Western Red Cedar is a well-known softwood timber species that does not grow in Australia yet is commonly available in the country due to increasing demands for the wood type. Its heartwood ranges in colour from a rich dark brown to a paler brown, while its sapwood has a lighter yellowish white colour.
The greatest strength of this timber species has to be its extraordinarily wonderful colours and finish, which is why it is a popular option for exterior cladding. Other than that, Western Red Cedar is also known for its good workability, versatility and durability.
The strong and adaptive qualities of Western Red Cedar allow it to be used in a vast range of applications, including for external cladding, windows, fencing, interior panelling, joinery, and shingles and shakes.
Known for its good resistance to fire, Blackbutt is a hardwood timber species that got its name from darkened colour akin to a tree’s appearance after a bushfire. The heartwood of this Australian timber species ranges from light brown to golden yellow, with an occasional slight pinkish colour. On the other hand, its sapwood is much paler in appearance.
Blackbutt has a good workability because it can be polished, stained or painted without that much issue. It also boasts an outstanding level of durability that makes it ideal for an array of interior, exterior and structural applications. Plus, its resistance to fire allows it to be one of the very few hardwood species that are suitable for home construction in areas prone to bushfire.
With its excellent durability, Blackbutt is often used for decking, mouldings, pergolas, stairs, flooring, exterior cladding, and so much more.
5. Tasmanian Oak
Classified as a premium Australian hardwood, Tasmanian Oak is a name encompassing three nearly identical species of eucalypt hardwoods that grow in Tasmania’s mountainous sections. The colour of this species is normally pale, ranging from reddish brown to straw, with occasional shades of cream.
Known for being warm and resilient, Tasmanian Oak is the go-to hardwood of various industries, which also means that it has a vast array of applications. The species is also recognised for its exceptional finishing and staining qualities that make it easy to match with other timbers.
Because of its moderate durability, Tasmanian Oak is most ideal for indoor applications, but it can also be utilized for protected structural applications. Some of the most common applications of this popular species are for high-end joinery, panelling, and flooring, as well as in the manufacturing of plywood and for agricultural implements.